The Holy Shrine of Imam Reza IRAN,Mashhad Back

The Imam Reza shrine (PBUH) complex, also known as the Haram, is located at the heart of the city, and sprung up after the Muslim leaders passing. As the second-largest city in Iran today with over three million inhabitants, Mashhad owes much of its significance to the Imam Reza (PBUH) shrine, which has been built and rebuilt numerous times over the course of history. Mashhad is the burial site of Ali Ibn Musa al-Ridha, the eighth imam (leader) in the Twelver Shi’a tradition, and is better known to Persian speakers as “Imam Reza (PBUH).” Born in 765 AD in Medina, Imam Reza (PBUH) traveled to Iran and spent the later years of his life in Khorasan, a historical region that spans what is today northeastern Iran, Western Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan. Shi’a sources agree that in 818 AD, Harun al-Rashid’s son and successor Al-Ma’mun Martyred Imam Reza (PBUH) with poisoned grapes in the city of Tus. Imam Reza’s resting place became known as “Mashhad” or “Mashhad al-Ridha” meaning “[al-Ridha’s] place of martyrdom,” making Imam Reza the only Shi’a imam to be Martyred and buried inside Iran’s modern borders. Islamic Republic of Iran was responsible for constructing the Jami’-e Razavi Courtyard on top of the area cleared by the Pahlavis decades earlier. It is now the largest open space in the shrine complex. With this expansion, the courtyard can hold over 100,000 people and can now accommodate large congregations for Friday prayers. source: The Official Website of Imam Reza's Holy Shrine

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